Alice Law and The Relativity Theory
The article series “Alice Law and the Relativity Theory” consist of consecutive topics. From this point on, we are moving to the outcomes of (c+v) (c-v) mathematics. If you haven’t read the previous chapters of this series, I strongly recommend that you check this chapter out later.
What is Time Dilation and How does It Occur?
May 19, 2011
Copyright © 2011 Han Erim All Rights Reserved.
What is Time Dilation?
Electromagnetic waves emitted by moving objects always
experience deformation as an inevitable result of relativity. Here and in the
forthcoming chapters, we will thoroughly see how these instances of
deformation occur and how their results are step by step.
Force impact on the clocks:
Before getting straight to the point, we need to mention force
impact shortly. A change in the ticking intervals of a clock under force
impact , no matter whether it is inert or in motion, is completely natural, as
the force will more or less influence the working speed of the clock. The
impact of the force can either decelerate or accelerate the working speed of
the clock. Let’s think of pendulum clocks, which are extremely sensitive to
force. Due to difference of gravitation, the same pendulum clock has to
operate at different speeds on Moon, on Earth and on Jupiter (Animated
Figure 1). To sum up, the working speed of a clock under force impact is
dependent on how the clock mechanism is influenced by the force. The change in
the working speed of a clock due to force impact is not a topic related with
How does Time Deformation Occur?
1. The clock emits a signal on point P. Let’s say the clock points at 8.00.
Travel Time for the signal = ---------------------------------------------------------------
4. At the moment when the signal reaches the observer, he will see the image of the clock (ghost) at point P, that is, where the signal entered the field. As the signal has set off at 8:00, the observer will see that the clock (ghost) points at 8:00. (The issue of “Ghost and Spring” has been discussed in the previous chapter. Principles of vision and perception in electromagnetic interaction, Ghost and Spring)
The observer sees not the actual clock (spring), but its image (ghost). We should always keep in mind the presence of this rule.
Events have continuousness in nature. The observer will normally interact with the signals reaching him incessantly from the clock. If we turn this situation, which we have discussed for only one signal, into a continuous stance, we can see how time deformation occurs (Animated figure 3).
Let’s consider the situation in which the observer is in motion and the clock is inert. We see that the distance between two neighboring signals travelling on the field changes depending on the speed and the direction of the observer. If the observer is moving towards the clock the distance between signals is shortened, while it is longer when the observer is moving away. As a result of the change in the distance between signals, the intervals between the signals reaching the observer are not 1 second. Therefore, the observer will measure the working speed of the clock and see that it operates at a different speed, since the observer is only able to measure the signals reaching him. Will the observer only measure them and do nothing else? No, he will also SEE that the clock works differently, as the signals carrying the image of the clock reach him, together with the ticking signals. What happens in the case of ticking signals of the clock will also be valid for the case of signals carrying the image of the clock.
It is clearly seen that it does not matter which one is in motion, or if both of them are moving. If the clock and the observer are in motion relative to each other, time deformation is an inevitable outcome, and the observer sees and measures that the clock works at a different speed. Time deformation is a kind of PERCEPTION.
Animated figure 4 – In order to have a clear vision of the difference between the tick-tocks on GHOST and those on SPRING, the intervals between the moments when the signals are emitted are deliberately short in this animation. Let’s summaries the outcomes we observe in the animation:
The time deformation occurring when the clock and the observer are in motion relative to each other:
You can find the proof for the simultaneousness of moving clocks (springs) in my works named "Alice Law The Manifest" and "Tin Soldiers". (This proof is also provided in Alice Law 5 software. Back then, I hadn’t discovered the concepts Ghost and Spring.)
Other Outcomes of Time Deformation
The closer the speed difference between reference systems is to the speed of light, the bigger the impacts of relativity will be. I will discuss this issue in simultaneousness chapter more thoroughly. You can find information regarding this issue in Alice Law Version 5 software.
2) The Relationship between Doppler Effect and Time Deformation
Available publications dealing with this chapter on aliceinphysics.com are:
Establish: December 2001
Copyright © 2000-2011. Han Erim. All Rights Reserved.