Alice In Physics Publications

The Principles Of Energy

THE PRINCIPLE OF FORCES

Han Erim

August 30, 2011

(First release is in the Alice Law Version 5 physics program, November 2005 )

The Principle of Forces shows the close relationship between gravitational force (g) and classical force (a). Albert Einstein utilized this relationship while putting forth the Principle of Equivalence. Moreover, The Principle of Forces bases itself on Einstein’s Principle of Equivalence. However, The Principle of Forces exhibits this relationship much more clearly and takes it to a further point. These two principles are and will be of vital importance for physics in the future.

I published the Principle of Forces in 2005 in the software Alice Law Version 5. With the issue of the Principles of Energy coming to the fore, the need for publishing once again has come to the surface. Yet, I thought that it would be wrong to publish it with its previous content, as Alice Law has improved a lot throughout the years passing by. Furthermore, my thoughts about General Relativity have also changed. Alice Law was now whispering to me saying "Take the Principle of Equivalence and the Principle of Forces out of the context of General Relativity; General Relativity belongs on to me." I listened to her words and decided to collect these principles under PRINCIPLES OF ENERGY title. For me, these principles are not on the way reaching General Relativity, but on the one identifying the Great Objective behind General Relativity. I do not know what or where that Great Objective is. I just know that it exists and those who want to achieve it must walk the way with these principles.

I have always been happy for having written this essay. It is so interesting, so beautiful and so crazy. I will take you on a very thin line where craze and reality meet. This line is the way to the Great Objective. If you wish to go there, you will have to learn to walk on it.

The Principle of Forces

Let’s have a short summary of the sample utilized by Albert Einstein while explaining the Principle of Equivalence.

The man inside the box thinks that he is in a gravitational field and that the box stands in space, hanging on a rope tied to its roof. There is another man outside observing how the event actually happens. He sees that the rope to which the box is tied is pulled upwards with a constant acceleration by an entity.

The man in the box hangs an object on the rope he has tied to the ceiling of the box. He thinks that the force affecting the object he has hung is gravitational force (g). On the other hand, the man outside sees that the object in the box, which seems to be hung, is exposed to classical force (a), as he sees the box to be pulled upwards.

Consequently, the interpretation of each man about the same force is different. Reality is gravitational force (g) for the man inside the box, while it is classical force (a) for the man outside. The forces a and g are equal in terms of size but they are in opposite directions.

You may be surprised by the word “force” I have used for a and g, instead of using “acceleration.” Force and acceleration are actually the same thing. If force is written as F=m.a or F=m.g, this states the total force affecting the object (m is the mass of the object). If you think that acceleration is something different than force, you will of course go and check Wikipedia for the definition of acceleration and see the sentence “In physics, acceleration is the rate of change of velocity over time.” Pfff, what can I do about that!.. You can go on thinking that way. However, I will mention a and g here as forces. What they mean is visible here, anyway.

Now, please imagine that you are the man outside the box in the figure for a second. The box and the man in it pass you by, travelling upwards and getting faster gradually. And you are there to interpret the event.

• The box hangs in space and you are falling down…
• You are standing where you are and the box is pulled upwards…

The reality is that if there aren’t any clues around to make use of, you will have to toss a coin in order to answer this question. Besides, whether your decision is correct or not does not matter at all.

Consequently, the principle of forces states that a force can be interpreted as a or g and that both interpretations have the same level of validity. There is only one force and there are two interpretations . The interpretations are equal and in opposite directions.

Please notice that the direction of the arrows representing the forces is outwards in figure; the arrows never point at each other.

The Significance of the Principle of Forces on the Way to the Great Objective:

Let’s think of a plane flying at a fixed altitude. In classical mechanics, our conception would be as following:

Classical Mechanics – The plane is pulled downwards due to the gravitational force affecting the plane (g). In order to maintain the altitude, the plane has to resist the gravitational force affecting itself. To this end, it applies an upward force (a) on itself, with the help of its wings. The plane will keep on flying at the same altitude as long as these two forces are equal (a=g).

It sounds logical, doesn’t it? This is the our solid truth which we have learnt and taught at schools, on which we base all our calculations and to which we commend our lives. However, if you are careful enough, you will hear that the Principle of Forces whispers different things to your ears regarding this plane sample.

Principle of Forces – Both a and g exist in the plane sample. They are equal and in opposite directions. In this case, there must be just a single force affecting the plane. Either a or g will represent the reality, while the other will represent the interpretation. You must make your choice between a and g. Which one do you choose?... Which one do you think represents the reality?

It is not that difficult to answer this question. If something must really be chosen, it must be the lifting force applied by the wings of the plane, which is a. So, what about g? Where has that huge gravitational force gone? What if g is not real? That enormous power ruling the skies above… Dear God…

You are now standing on that thin line. It is the line leading you to the Great Objective.

The principle of Forces shows that we can interpret g gravitational force as a repulsive force and that the gravitational force is represented not by g but by a. Let’s put it this way: the Principle of Forces grants us with the relevant permission to interpret the gravitational force as a. Moreover, it also shows that there is the possibility the gravitational force can only be represented by a. That is, with a kinder manner, it says that there is actually nothing such as g

In fact, the Principle of Forces is not the only thing that speaks out these words. The Principle of Equivalence also tells the same thing. The sample of the man in the box points at this conclusion. The Principle of Forces completely reveals what the Principle of Equivalence tells in an insinuating way. The Principle of Forces is already based on the Principle of Equivalence, anyway.

Do not get in a flap or have a heart attack right away. You will have enough time to do these. The Principle of Forces pushes you in the beginning a lot; however, once you are in it, there is no way to escape. And do you know what happens next? ….. Dear God…. This, this place is amazing! Heeey, look at this….. and stuff like that. I assure you that you will have difficulty while trying to describe what you see there. It is a completely different world.

Please have a look at the logical assumptions triggered one after another by the Principle of Forces: When a is regarded as the gravitational force, the direction of the gravitational force changes. From then on, it is from bottom to top. (The direction of the force happens to be away from the center of mass). We already know that close contact is necessary if a force defined as a is to have affect (like in pushing and pulling). That is, the concept of the force affecting from afar differentiates. While using a as the gravitational force, you cannot explain the orbit equations of celestial bodies with forces affecting from afar, as there is no contact there. Instead, there happens something we presently know nothing about; there are different rules there. Many things, which you used to think that you knew, demand an explanation now. In this way, the Principle of Forces is invaluable for physics.

The Principle of Forces states this explicitly: Any phenomenon of physics explained with g has an explanation when a is utilized instead of g, as well.

In the animated figure on the right, there is a symbolic explanation of an apple falling down utilizing a. The apple is standing, and the ground catches it (actually, the apple is travelling upwards, but I don’t want to tire you from here on. You must be already surprised, anyway). If Mr. Isaac Newton saw this, I guess he would have a heart attack.

You know that the Principle of Equivalence results in the theory of General Relativity. With Alice Law changing General Relativity, minimizing and engulfing it, the way once led to General Relativity now reaches the Great Objective. In other words, there is actually nothing much that has changed. The Principle of Forces has of course introduced new horizons in this way. Once we are able to state the laws of physics related to the gravitational force with a, we will have achieved a breakthrough and we will be closer to the goal.

I have walked on that line for a while and I have told my experience and thoughts in Alice Law Version 5 under the titles The Principle of Forces and General Relativity. The way to which that line leads is so long that I cannot see its end from here and it is not that easy to walk on it. You are about to reach an extremely amazing and strange world; but you should not be scared and you should take short but safe steps.

Here, I have shown you the way leading to the Great Objective. The Principle of Forces and the Principle of Equivalence are two significant elements lightening the way to the Great Objective. They are the twins of each other.

 The Principle of Forces Any force having an effect can be interpreted as either classical force (a) or gravitational force (g). Both interpretations are valid to the same extent. The sizes of the forces interpreted are equal and have opposite directions. All phenomena of physics which can be explained with g have an explanation when a is used instead of g. Vice versa is also correct.

The Principle of Force is to be continued.

You can download Alice Law Version 5 or you can read online the Principle of Forces and General Relativity chapters in order to have an idea about them. However, please remember that they were written six years ago. The up-to-date publications you can find here are more accurate in terms of content.

Currently, I am concentrated on Alice Law with all my energy. I am trying to cover its shortages to present it to you in the best way, and that takes all of my time and energy. I of course try to walk the way once I find some time. I will write here the things I see and my ideas about them.

Han Erim

Alice Law is the future of physics.
Please learn it and tell it to others.

Establish: December 2001