Han Erim 
 August 1, 2010 

Copyright 2010 © Han Erim All Rights Reserved




Since November 2001, when I introduced my website, I have been explaining Relativity Theory with a different point of view, under the name ďAlice Law.Ē During this long period, Alice Law has gradually developed. At this stage, I wanted to encourage not only the academicians but also the readers of Alice Law by publishing a manifest.

Having resemblance to Albert Einsteinís Relativity Theory, Alice Law explains the notion of relativity in a simpler and more accurate way. In order to demonstrate this to you, I approached this manifest together with a physics proof regarding the matter of TIME. Thus, you will be able to see the difference between Einsteinís physics and Alice Law more clearly.

First of all, I will prove in this manifest that the clocks in motion relative to each other work simultaneously. Then I will show why we measure a clock in motion relative to our reference system as fast-working or slow-working; better to say, why we have to measure it this way. If you are an academician, you must have noticed how different the case that I am describing in this paragraph is from Einstein physics. In the final section of my essay, you will find not only the reason why Alice Law is different, but also its mathematical basis. 

The figures have been composed as animations. If you see any control icons, please use them.

Figure 1. Letís pick three clocks for ourselves. I particularly used old, conventional table clocks. We regard the clocks to be identical by all means, except their colors. When we put these three clocks on a table next to each other, they will work simultaneously. 

Figure 2. We place two of the clocks on a wagon. As it can also be observed after clicking on ďPlayĒ button, Alice pulls the wagons towards herself from equal distances with equal speeds. In order to make examination, we need to take a reference system as basis. Here, the reference system is Alice herself. That is, we assume that we observe the event from Aliceís eyes. Letís think that Alice stands precisely on the axis of symmetry. From Aliceís reference system, the clocks on the wagons will continue to work simultaneously, no matter whether they stay stationary or are pulled.

We can consider that the synchronization of the clocks may be disrupted due to the force in effect in the moment when the wagons are pulled. Such a case can of course occur, depending on the way the mechanisms of the clocks are affected by the force. However, here we provide answer only to the question whether the clocks will work simultaneously owing to the velocities of the wagons or not. Therefore, we can ignore friction and other force effects. As both wagons approach towards Alice with same speed, there is no reason why the clocks shouldnít work simultaneously and equally, according to Alice. Both clocks will work simultaneously as there is no answer to the question ďWhich clock loses time according to Alice?Ē

Figure 3. Now, letís take our example one step further and repeat the same instance on the train. We could have used another location instead of the train. For instance, instead of the train, we can assume to be in a ship.

While the train moves on with a constant speed, Alice pulls the wagons with equal speeds and from equal distances. In this case, both clocks will continue to work simultaneously relative to Alice. Here, I have a particular intention in using the phrase ďrelative to Alice.Ē With this way, we clearly state the reference system that we take as basis. As the train moves at a constant speed, there is no change from Aliceís point of view. To Alice, the clocks will work simultaneously.

Figure 4. Figure 4. Letís think this way for now: While the train moves forward at ďVĒ speed, Alice shall pull the wagons towards herself at the same ďVĒ speed. In this case, the blue clock on the right and the green clock which we have placed on the ground will be inert relative to each other. Using this case, we can say that the blue clock and the green clock will work simultaneously relative to each other. We already know that the red clock and the blue clock work simultaneously for Alice. So, all three clocks will work simultaneously relative to Alice. Thus, A=B, B=C and A=C. That is, A=B=C.

Now, letís be a little bit careful. According to Einsteinís physics, the abovementioned equation cannot be obtained for an observer on the ground, as a moving clock has to decelerate according to Einsteinís physics. If we take his theory as basis, the red clock on the left is in motion for the observer on the ground. For this reason, the red clock has to work more slowly than the green clock near the observer or the blue clock, which is inert relative to the observer. If we wish to define this situation according to Einsteinís physics and from the point of the observer on the ground, we have to write the following: A≠B, B=C and A≠C.

Figure 5. Here, we are making an introduction to Alice Law. If we prove that all three clocks work simultaneously for the observer on the ground, we will have achieved the necessary breakthrough for Alice Law. I will now provide this proof.

Letís assemble a bar on the minute hands of the clocks on wagons. Let the center point of the bar be mounted on the axis of symmetry. Letís assume that all contact points of the bar are railed and that these points do not constitute an obstacle for the movements of the clocks or the wagons. Letís have a pen mounted on the left side of the bar. When the minute hands of the clocks turn, the bar will move depending on the motion of the minute hands and the pen will draw a line which demonstrates its position.

Now, letís see what kind of line the pen draws by clicking on ďPlayĒ button. Looking carefully, we can see that the pen draws a regular sinusoidal curve. As both clocks work simultaneously relative to Alice, this is of course a natural outcome. Although the shape of the line may change depending on the pulling speed of the wagons and the speed of the train, it will preserve its form as a regular sinusoid. 

Consequently, no matter at which speed the train is and how fast Alice pulls the wagons, the line will always be a regular sinusoid. (We continue the proof with the next figure.) 

Figure 6. Letís reconsider the same instance by reasoning according to Einsteinís physics. We know that according to Einsteinís physics, the red clock on the left has to work more slowly than the blue one on the right for the observer. Letís assume that such a thing actually occurs. In this case, the minute hands of both clocks will rotate at different speeds. When the minute hands rotate at different speeds, the inclination of the bar will mandatorily change. This change in the inclination will cause the alteration of the line drawn by the pen. It is obvious that the line drawn by the pen will never be a regular sinusoid when both clocks do not work simultaneously. 

However, such an instance cannot occur, of course, as the pen cannot draw two separate lines for Alice and the observer on the ground at the same time. The pen will draw only one line and it will always be a regular sinusoid. This shows that the inclination of the bar never changes. The fact that the inclination of the bar never changes proves that the red and the blue clocks work simultaneously for the observer on the ground, too.

The facts the line drawn by the pen is always a regular sinusoid and that the inclination of the bar does not change are independent from the speed of the train or that of wagons or the reference systems.

This way, the proof due is achieved. From this conclusion forth, the deduction that moving clocks work simultaneously for all observers is obtained. Alice Law is the correct one.

Moving clocks do not slow down.





We have seen above that moving clocks work simultaneously relative to each other. Nevertheless, when we measure the tic-tac intervals of a moving clock, we see that it inevitably works in a different way. This is an inevitable obligation. Now I will show you how and why this strange incident takes place. I should particularly emphasis that what I mean here by mentioning a moving clock is a clock in motion relative to a reference system. If we ourselves move, the clock next to us is inert relative to us.

In order for us to measure the tic-tac intervals of a moving clock, the vision of the clock or the signals belonging to it have to reach us. This data is transmitted to us on electromagnetic waves, that is, by light. Some certain mandatory deformations take place on the electromagnetic waves travelling to a reference system from another moving system. This effect is called as Doppler Effect in physics and shortly described as the change occurring in the frequency and the wavelength of light. Doppler Effect is observed under all circumstances, when it comes to object in motion relative to each other. If an object is coming closer towards us, the wavelength of the light coming towards us from the object shortens and the frequency increases (blueshift), while the frequency decreases and the wave length extends if the object is moving away from us (redshift). Now, on a graph, letís see how time dilation takes place by utilizing this information.

Figure 7. The clock on the left is a transmitter and regularly transmits its own tic-tac intervals by broadcasting on a fixed frequency. Here is what I mean by saying tic-tac intervals: While the signal is transmitted, the time period between two successive peak points is the tic-tac interval. The clocks on the right are receivers; they measure the time period between two successive peak points reaching them and they compare it with the tic-tac intervals of their own clocks. To sum up, they compare their own clock frequencies with those of the transmitter. If the receiver and the transmitter are in motion relative to each other, depending on the direction and the speed of reference systems, the receiver measures that the frequency of the signal coming from the transmitter is different. In other words, it measures that the tic-tac interval of the transmitter clock is different from that of its own clock. This is an inevitable obligation. This case takes place even if the clocks of the receiver and the transmitter are identical and work simultaneously.



A moving clock does not work differently.
However, it is measured to work differently; it is doomed to be measured to work differently.

As it can be seen, there are certain logical differences between Alice Law and Einsteinís physics and of course the mathematics taken as basis by these two physics approaches are different, too. You will find the basic logic and mathematics of Alice Law in the lower part of this essay. 

You can see in detail how Doppler Effect takes place in my publication named ďDoppler Effect and Special Relativity.Ē



Before introducing the mathematics of Alice Law, I would like to touch upon the matter of length contraction. Just like time dilation, length contraction occurs as a result of the deformations on electromagnetic waves and is basically a perception. It is actually wrong to mention only length contraction as length extension is also possible depending on movement direction. For this reason, it is better to name this effect as length deformation or space deformation.

There is always a distance between us and the objects we see and the vision belonging to an object must reach us in order for us to see it. Let's consider an object in motion, it will continue to move in its own direction until its vision reaches us. When the vision reaches us, we see the object where the vision set off. If there is movement in the event, there is always a big or small difference between where we see the image of the object and where the object really is. This case can be most explicitly observed in the sky. The figure below demonstrates that situation. (Figure 8).

I) When the planet is on A point, its image sets off.
II) Planet proceeds on its way as the image moves towards the observer.
III) When the image reaches the observer, the observer sees the Planet to be on A point. At this moment, the Planet is actually on B point.


Figure 9 Ė 1. Letís assume that the instance above occurs only on X axis. While the observer sees the object to be on A point, it will actually be on B point.

Figure 9 Ė 2. Images reaching us from our environment are always in an imagery pack form. An imagery pack consists of visual particles setting off from different space coordinates at different times. Naturally, the images in the imagery pack belonging to objects located at further places have set off earlier. When the pack reaches us, we interpret it and perceive our environment.


Letís take a look at the example of the ruler located on AB gap. The image carrying B position information of the ruler will be the first to set off towards the observer. When this image reaches A position, it will combine with the image carrying A position information of the ruler, thus creating an imagery pack. In the end, the imagery pack will reach the observer and the observer will see the ruler to be between A and B points by utilizing the information in the imagery pack that has reached him.

Figure 9 Ė 3. In order for length deformation to occur, motion has to be in the event. Here, we can see how it occurs. The image carrying B position information of the ruler sets off. While the image proceeds towards the observer, the ruler continues its move to right. When the image of B position information reaches the other end of the ruler, this end of the ruler is no longer on A point but on Aí point. When the imagery pack reaches the observer, the observer will see the ruler to be in AíB gap, instead of AB gap. As a result of this deformation occurring on the imagery pack, the ruler will see that the length of the ruler is contracted as AAí.

As it can be seen, the matter of space deformation in Alice Law is completely different from Einsteinís physics. According to Einsteinís theory, length contraction has an actual effect on moving objects. However, it is a perception in Alice Law. Considering the train example above, it can be seen that the equation A = B = C is maintained also for the rulers below the clocks, anyway.



Length Contraction is a perception.




Einstein took a hypothesis as basis while constructing his own Special Relativity theory. That hypothesis is: No matter towards which reference system light travels, the speed of light always has to be c (speed of light constant) relative to all reference systems. Naturally, Einstein took the mathematics supporting his theory as basis. The mathematical solution of this hypothesis is Lorentz Transformations, as you know.


However, here is the correct hypothesis: Light always travels at c (speed of light constant) relative to the reference system where it will arrive. According to this hypothesis, different values have to be measured for the speed of the light travelling towards a moving object. The mathematical solution of this hypothesis is through (c+v) (c-v) mathematics.

Now, by describing an instance which can never be answered by Einstein's physics, I will prove the existence of Alice Law. In the proof, a definite type of mathematics will also emerge. This mathematics is the actual mathematics of Special Relativity at the same time.

Proof of existence of Alice Law and its mathematics:

Letís place a lamp in the centre of a box. When we light the lamp, the light reaches the front and the rear walls of the box at the same time, no matter whether the box is in motion or not. Now, letís assume that we cut the box into two pieces longitudinally and that we cut the lamp and its wires. When we move the two pieces reciprocally, the lamp wires contact each other and the lamp gives light. The light will reach the front and the rear walls of each piece at the same time in this case, too. For the observers in box pieces, the speed of the light moving towards their own walls is c (speed of light constant) in both directions. However, for an observer watching the instance from outside, the light beams do not move towards the walls of both pieces at c speed of light constant. If the speed of the box pieces is V for the observer on the ground, the speed of the light beams moving towards the walls is mandatorily either (c+v) or (c-v) for him (Figure 10).

Einsteinís physics can never propose a consistent explanation to the instance of which framework is set here and cannot provide the solution of the instance mathematically, as even calculations are made using Einsteinís mathematics, the box pieces will be on different coordinates in space for the observer on the ground, when the arrival moment of the light beams on the walls is taken into consideration. This means that for the observer on the ground, c speed of light constant cannot be obtained for the speeds of the light beams moving towards the walls of the boxes. That is, Einsteinís physics inevitably points at Alice Law. The box example I have provided here terminates the basic hypothesis Einstein considered for Special Relativity and all the mathematical results based on this hypothesis.


The main reason why Albert Einsteinís Special Relativity theory has gained recognition is that time dilation is observed experimentally. However, we have seen here that time dilation is basically a perception and the reason behind it is different.

The proof on the matters of both time and the behaviour of light provided in Alice Law has eliminated Einsteinís basic hypothesis. Alice Law is the genuine representative of Special Relativity and the mathematics of Special Relativity is (c+v) (c-v) mathematics.

I would like to state that the life-spans of high-energy particles cannot be explained with Special Relativity as force plays a key role in the mechanism determining the life-span. However, force is not included in Special Relativity theory. 

Alice Law in itself is a source of information, a guide and an instructor. When you comprehend how (c+v) (c-v) mathematics takes place, you will also understand how things happen in Special Relativity. I have been working on the results of (c+v) (c-v) mathematics for long years. The more I have worked on it, the wider knowledge I have got. I have told you in detail on my website what we should understand from this mathematics, how it occurs and what its rules are. The publications on are the best sources you can apply to on this matter.

Here, I have shown you that Albert Einsteinís Special Relativity is wrong. I would like you to know that there are a lot of points where he is right, too. All of these points will continue to live in Alice Law.

What I have written here in this manifest is enough for you to see how important Alice Law is.
Thanks for reading The Manifest of Alice Law. 

Best Regards.

Han Erim.

Establish: December 2001

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