GRAVITATIONAL FORCE IS A SUBSEQUENT 

RESULT OF ELECTRICAL CHARGE FORCES. 

 

Han Erim

October 1, 2013

Copyright © 2013 Han Erim All Rights Reserved.

 

GRAVITATIONAL FORCE IS A SUBSEQUENT RESULT OF ELECTRICAL CHARGE FORCES.

In accordance with the Coulombís law, particles that carry electrical charges apply attractive or repulsive force to each other. If the particles carry the same charges, the force is repulsive; if they carry the opposite charges, the force is attractive. As is known to all, particles responsible for electrical charges are electron (-) and proton (-). Although the fact that protons consist of quarks make this subject more profound (Proton electrical charge consists of 2 up +⅔ e quarks and 1-⅓ e down quark.), here I will use proton as base as the source of (+) electrical charge. As there is no contrary evidence, even if the distance between charged particles is infinite, we consider that the Coulombís Law is valid. 

If an atom has the same number of electrons and protons, we consider it neutral in terms of electrical charge. However, the fact that an atom is neutral does not mean the protons and electrons of that atom do not apply any force to protons and electrons of another atom because, according to the Coulombís Law, each and every particle that carry electrical charges certainly applies force to all other particles that carry electrical charges. In brief, the Coulombís Law means that every electron or proton, wherever they may be, is in interaction with other electrons and protons in the universe and they apply forces to each other. Distances between them or the fact that they are in neutral atoms does not change this situation. 

Thatís all very well and good, but isnít it possible that such an extensive interaction has a special result? This is why I decided to write a program. I investigated how a particle that has the same number of (+) and (-) charges and that moves freely travels in accordance with the Coulomb Law. Interestingly enough, I observed that the particles came together some time after the program started working. When all the particles were taken into consideration, they behaved as if there was a gravitational force between among them. Therefore, the result I obtained indicates that the gravitational force may be a subsequent result of electrical forces. 

By the way, I think I need to make a few statements about the program. Firstly, I know the program I wrote is not perfect. The values I used for electrical charge, mass coefficient and Coulomb coefficient are not the real values because the computer cannot make the calculations when the real values are employed. Normally, the values calculated should not be rounded up; however, the computer rounds up the value that is above its calculation capacity on its own. On the other hand, in order to reach the conclusion, countless calculations should be performed. However, mistakes increase after each loop of the program due to the rounding up of numbers. Against all the odds, however, this simple program can give quite useful ideas about what may happen. Another interesting result I found when I was working with the program is this: the force that occurs according to the values chosen for mass coefficient, electrical charge and Coulomb coefficient either collects them together or makes them move away from each other. You can see the program I wrote below and reach its source codes. 

I thought over and over about whether I should write this while there were so many uncertainties. I finally decide to write this because, as one thinks about the subject, he notices an important detail. Letís think that we put lots of atoms together. When we assume that there will not be any forces between atoms because they are neutral, the atoms should not move. However, you see that it is impossible in a very short time. It is possible for two neutral atoms to not have forces between them if and only if the electrons and protons in these atoms are placed in very special positions. However, the fact that electrons are in motion will disrupt this balance (Even the movement of a quark in protons disrupts this balance.). Moreover, even if we assume that there is a special case for two atoms, these atoms will not be in a state of equilibrium according to other atoms. Therefore, when the whole incident is taken into consideration, we see that it is not possible to have a situation in which the force is zero and that there is certainly a force among neutral atoms. 


It does not really matter whether this force makes atoms move away from each other or gets them together; this situation unavoidably brings along a different perspective for gravitational force: the question "Does forces originating from electrical charges among neutral atoms constitute all of the gravitational force or only a certain part of it?" shows up by itself.

I have to make the proposition "Gravitational force is a subsequent result of electrical charge forces." here. Of course this proposition does not have to be correct. However, if someone says it is wrong, I think they need to prove it. Whether there is a subsequent force effect among neutral atoms due to electrical charges should definitely be investigated. I hope the proposition I made will serve as an initiator for serious investigations on the subject. I think, if electrical charge forces lead to gravitational forces as subsequent effects, this can be confirmed with the resources available. 

Best regards,

Han ERİM

 

---

Source Code: Flash CS3, Action Script 3.0

ElectroStatic_1 & ElectroStatic_2

http://www.aliceinphysics.com//publications/gravity/source/electroStatic.7z

 

  aliceinphysics.com

Establish: December 2001

Copyright © 2000-2013. Han Erim. All Rights Reserved.