Alice Law  Version 7

 

Image and Source

 

Han Erim

May 7, 2012

Copyright © 2012 Han Erim, All Rights Reserved.

 

 

IMAGE AND SOURCE

The Alice Law Version 5 program that I published in 2005 had made a breakthrough in relativity. However, after I studied on Image and Source and saw the results in the following years, I was surprised to notice how big deficiencies the subject of relativity had. I can confidently say that it is impossible to understand the Electromagnetic Interaction, the Relativity and even physics without knowing the subject Image and Source. I always say this openly everywhere. 

Image and Source joined in the Alice Law with my publication of Ghost and Spring in November, 2009. With this subject, the Relativity Theory in the Alice Law made up its deficiencies especially in two subjects: The Time Dilation and the Length Deformation. 

Image and Source concepts signify two situations of an object. Image is the appearance of the object while source is the object itself. All objects emit electromagnetic waves to their surroundings by both reflecting incoming light and producing on their own. We see these objects by perceiving these electromagnetic waves. It is important that, when we look at an object, we see the images that are shown to us by the signals coming from that object rather than see the object itself. In the Alice Law, the images of objects are called GHOST while the objects themselves are called SPRING. (The word ďFountainĒ may be more appropriate than Spring for English. It is named SPRING here.) Springs are electromagnetic wave sources; that is, they are objects themselves. Ghosts, on the other hand, are images of objects that we see as a result of radiation of springs. 

Image (Ghost) and Source (Spring) concepts are especially important for the Relativity because the relativity effects like the time dilation and the length deformation occurs on images. In this sense, the Relativity Theory of the Alice Law, are quite different from the Relativity Theory that is used today in terms of logic and its results.

 

Figure 1, Although our subject is the electromagnetic interaction, it will be a good way to start the subject by giving an example in the subject of sound. 

Letís think of an ambulance moving fast. The ambulance starts its siren while moving. When the siren sound reaches the observer, the observer will look at the direction that the sound comes from. If the ambulance passes from an enough distance and is really fast, the observer will not be able to see the ambulance in the place he looks at because a critical difference will occur between where the ambulance is and the place the observer looks at. You have probably experienced a similar incident. Sound is really fast; it moves at 340 m/s. However, it is slow enough for us to observe these kinds of incidents in our daily lives.
Figure 2, The ambulance example that is created by using sound in the previous page is valid for light as well. If light moved with 340 m/s like sound instead of 300.000 km/s, very similar situations would come about in our daily lives. 

In this example, the ambulance sends its own image instead of a siren sound. The signals (the electromagnetic waves) carrying the image of the ambulance reach the observer, he will again look at the direct from which the signals come. However, there is a slight difference between sound and light because this time the observer will see the image of the vehicle in the direction he looks at and the signals come to him from that direction. On the other hand, as the vehicle keeps moving after the signal sets out, the ambulance will be in a different position when the signal reaches the observer.

We can see the definitions of Image and Source here. In the Alice Law, the ambulance itself is called SPRING while the image that the observer sees is called GHOST. Such a specific naming is really necessary for the relativity. When it is said that the spring of an object is in this coordinate and the image is in this other coordinate, what is meant is clearly understood. 
Figure 3, Certainly, light travels with an astounding speed, 300.000 km/s. Therefore, long distances and high speeds are required in order to be able to observe the effects of Ghost and Spring clearly. Especially in the observations of celestial bodies, the effects of Ghost and Spring get explicitly involved in the process. 

Here, the observer looks towards the planet Neptune with a telescope. We discuss the electromagnetic waves (signals) that set out from the planet while the planet is in the position of A. These signals transmit the image of the planet to the observer. While the signals are moving towards the observer, the planet continues to its travel on its own orbit. When the signals reach the observer, he sees the planet in the A position although the planet is actually in the B position. 

Accordingly, we all always mention two concepts. The situation that we see and the situation that is actually present. What we see are always images; that is, Ghosts. Ghosts are visible to us, but they do not show situations that exist in reality. On the other hand, Springs, namely objects themselves, are real situations; however, they can never be seen.

 

 

The best example that we can give about Ghost and Spring is, of course, the sky. What we see is the image of the sky that reaches us from a time in the past. When we look at stars, we see their situations that existed millions of years ago. These images travel in space over thousands, millions of years until they reach us. Although some of the stars that we now see disappeared long ago, we see them as if they still existed. The sky is actually a heaven of ghosts. 

In fact, this situation in the sky is also familiar to you. However, the subject Ghost and Spring is certainly not as simple as this. The sky is just a clue for us. After we catch the end of the yarn and start to walk asking where this path will lead us to, we see that the subject get more and more deep. 

 

Figure 4, Electromagnetic radiating of objects normally presents continuousness. Letís make the animation that we saw shortly before continuous here. 

The signals setting out from the planet reach the observer. The observers looks at the direction the signals come from and sees the image (namely the Ghost) of the planet at that direction. He will never see the planet itself (namely the Spring). 

With the purpose of a more comfortable understanding of the details regarding the incident, we send the images discretely here. You can speed up the animation by decreasing the interval of images setting out with the slide. 

We catch an important result from the information up to now: The Ghost and Spring of a moving object are always in different coordinates. The distance between the coordinates of Ghost and Pınar depends on the speed of the movement and the distance of the observation from the object.
Figure 5, We will discuss the principles here. We cannot make the animations at the speed of light, but it is not that important. The important thing is be able to understand how light behaves and see the basic principles. 

Here, a flashlight is held towards the observer in this animation. The lights from the lamp of the flashlight move towards the observer. Drag the flashlight with your mouse and examine where the observer sees the flashlight.

There are numerous photons in a beam of light. Each small yellow rectangular represents only one photon (only one electromagnetic wave) in the animation. Each photon moves towards its target in a straight line. 

There is one more result here: 

An electromagnetic wave goes straight all the time. However, if the light source and the destination target of the light are in motion according to each other, the light path is always curved. 
Figure 6, Where is the Ghost of an object seen? 

This is actually a very nice question because, when you start researching in order to answer this question, you will see that (c+v)(c-v) mathematics and fields eventually appear at the end of the road. This is another way going to the Relativity Theory of the Alice Law.

In this example, the observer is still and the ball is in motion. Therefore, it is really easy to find out where the Ghost will be seen here. At whichever point the signal is emitted according to the observerís own reference system, the observer will see the Ghost of the object at that point. 
Figure 7, When the observer is in motion and the ball is still, where will the observer see the Ghost of the ball?


The subject has suddenly become harder, hasnít it? Firstly, I should say that it is really hard to answer this question without knowing FIELDS. If you excuse me, I will give a short answer here because similar situations will constantly come up in other sections. 

The observer moves in the direction of the red arrow. We take the signal of the ball while it is on the [x1,y1,z1] coordinate according to the coordinate system of the observer. When the signal reaches the observer, the observer will again see the ball (the Ghost of the ball) on the [x1,y1,z1] coordinate. At this moment, the ball will be on the [x2,y2,z2] coordinate according to the observerís reference system. If you mark the ďShow the FieldĒ in the radio buttons, you can interpret the incident more easily.
Figure 8, Letís discuss objects that are in motion according to each other. Suppose that we have a teleportation device and that we can teleport ourselves to any object we like. 

We teleport ourselves to one of objects. Can we tell the speed of the object that we are on. No, we cannot tell that because we cannot know whether the ball is in motion or not without using another reference system. We can only tell our speed according to other objects. On the other hand, we can also assume that the object that we are on is still. We can say that we are immobile that other objects are in motion. 

Did you understand this rule? If you really understand the things I said here, you do not have the chance to get surprised after this point. In fact, I mentioned a very old rule here. 
Figure 9, In our first example, the one that is still was the observer and the ball was in motion. In the second example, the observer was in motion and the ball was still. Accordingly, both these incidents are precisely identical. It is not important if only the observer moves or only the object moves or both of them move. The important thing is that both reference systems are moving according to each other. 

The question where the observer sees the ball can be easily understood only if the incident is commented on according to the observerís reference system. The fact that the observer moves, its direct or even its speed is not important. Even if the observer is in motion, we can easily find where the Ghost will be seen by assuming that the observer is still and the ball is in motion. 
Figure 10, There is a summary of what you saw this section here. There are Alice and Mad Hatter starring in here. 

The image signals of Alice go to Mad Hatter and the image signals of Mad Hatter go to Alice. Namely, both of them see each other. Drag Hatter and Alice with your mouse. This will cause the Ghosts of Alice and Hatter to exchange their positions.

Suppose that there is a symmetry axis in the midpoint between Alice and Hatter. The incidents in both sides of the symmetry axis occur alike. No matter which situation occurs for Alice when we drag her with our mice, a similar situation will also occur for Hatter at the same time. It is not important which one is in motion. 

About Ghost and Spring 

We met the concepts Ghost and Spring in this section. As the topic, we focused mainly on the positions of Ghost and Spring. Of course, the topic Ghost and Spring is not as simple as this and is not limited to what we see here. This topic has a critical place in the Relativity Theory because the effects like the Time Dilation and the Length Deformation always entirely occur on the visual images of the objects, namely ghosts. 

This topic is vitally important for the Electromagnetic Theory as well because it is not possible to understand the Electromagnetic Theory completely without knowing this topic. 

Letís put aside its scientific aspect. The topic Ghost and Spring is actually a general knowledge information because this topic is completely included in the basic physics knowledge. This information should be learnt and taught at high school level as it enables us to recognize and interpret the universe that we live in. 

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